In 1044, a Muslim empire begins to emerge as separate Muslim city-states unites to fight the Christians. After they defeat the Christians at Edessa in 1144, the Pope calls for a Second Crusade. It ends in failure for the Christians. The power of the Muslims is extended by Saladin and the Muslim recapture Jerusalem in 1187. The Third Crusade begins two years later as Richard the Lionheart wins some victories, but ultimately in 1192, decided he doesn't' have the strength to retake and control Jerusalem. The Third Crusade ends.
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